The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. In addition to the criminalization of trafficking, the Trafficking in Persons Protocol requires criminalization also of: National Human trafficking Hotline, https: Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs Elements of human trafficking On the basis of the definition given in the Trafficking in Persons Protocol, it is evident that trafficking in persons has three constituent elements; The Act What is done Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons The Means How it is done Threat or use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or giving payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim The Purpose Why it is done For the purpose of exploitation, which includes exploiting the prostitution of others, sexual exploitation, forced labour, slavery or similar practices and the removal of organs. Human trafficking, also known as trafficking in persons or modern-day slavery, is a crime that involves compelling or coercing a person to provide labor or services, or to engage in commercial sex acts. The Greater New Orleans Human Trafficking Task Force recognizes the legal definitions of trafficking at international, national, and state levels. For a checklist of Criminalization under the Protocol, click here. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of and its subsequent reauthorizations define human trafficking as:
Traffickers, labor agencies, recruiters, and employers in both the country of origin and the destination country can contribute to debt bondage by charging workers recruitment fees and exorbitant interest rates, making it difficult, if not impossible, to pay off the debt. Peonage is a status or condition of involuntary servitude based on real or alleged indebtedness Slavery is the state of being under the ownership or control of someone where a person is forced to work for another. Over time, there may be unexpected changes in work conditions, compensation or debt agreements, or nature of relationship. The coercion can be subtle or overt, physical or psychological, and may involve the use of violence, threats, lies, or debt bondage. How Victims Are Trafficked Traffickers use force, fraud, or coercion to subject victims to engage in commercial sex or forced labor. Under the TVPA, people may be considered trafficking victims regardless of whether they were transported to the exploitative situation, previously consented to work for a trafficker, or participated in a crime as a direct result of being trafficked. Moreover, their ability to move freely is often limited, and employment in private homes increases their isolation and vulnerability. The length and nature of those services are not respectively limited and defined, where an individual is trapped in a cycle of debt that he or she can never pay down. The use of children in the commercial sex trade is prohibited under U. Smuggling is always transnational. Migrants are particularly vulnerable to this form of human trafficking, but individuals also may be forced into labor in their own countries. Help for Victims of Trafficking Get help, report a tip, find services, and learn more about your options. It is a crime in which a domestic worker is not free to leave his or her employment and is abused and underpaid, if paid at all. Trafficking victims come from diverse backgrounds in terms of race, color, national origin, disability, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, socioeconomic status, education level, and citizenship status, but one characteristic that they usually share is some form of vulnerability. A vast majority of States have now signed and ratified the Protocol. Exploitation of a minor for commercial sex is human trafficking, regardless of whether any form of force, fraud, or coercion was used. Human Trafficking What is Human Trafficking? Human Trafficking in the United States The United States is widely regarded as a destination country for human trafficking. It is modern day slavery. Trafficking victimization can be transnational or domestic. Both male and female child soldiers are often sexually abused or exploited by armed groups and such children are subject to the same types of devastating physical and psychological consequences associated with child sex trafficking. It refers to situations in which persons are coerced to work through the use of violence or intimidation, or by more subtle means such as manipulated debt, retention of identity papers or threats of denunciation to immigration authorities. Article 3, paragraph a of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines Trafficking in Persons as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Perpetrators may be government armed forces, paramilitary organizations, or rebel groups. Human trafficking can include, but does not require, movement.
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