Violence and sex in tv and movies

However, limited research quantifies the correlations between movie content, ratings, and economics or addresses the issue of ratings "creep. This study contributes quantitative information about these relationships and hypotheses. Age-based ratings alone do not provide good information about the depiction of violence, sex, profanity, and other content, and the criteria for rating movies became less stringent over the last decade. The MPAA rating reasons correlate with higher scores assigned to content-based ratings, and the number of reasons indicated increases with the age-based rating category. Abstract Context Children's exposure to violence, sexual themes, profanity, and the depiction of substances in movies remains a source of parental and public health concern. The MPAA rating reasons provide important information about content, but they do not identify all types of content found in films and they may particularly miss the depiction of substances. For example, we coded "violence" as "V," "action violence" as "aV," "strong violence" as "sV," and "sexual violence" as "zV. Reviews of the literature suggest inconsistent findings in individual studies related to whether media ratings significantly affect consumer interest, with a meta-analysis suggesting a potential age-related effect.

Violence and sex in tv and movies


We performed a review of the literature up through March 1, to identify any prior research that related motion picture ratings, content, and economic performance. Design We developed a complete database of movie ratings available from the Motion Picture Association of America MPAA to characterize the content information including any indicated reasons noted for ratings for all movies released between January 1, and December 31, Since the MPAA rating reasons do not follow any standard format, we coded each of the reasons with the classifications listed in Table 1. The MPAA rating reasons provide important information about content, but they do not identify all types of content found in films and they may particularly miss the depiction of substances. Results Comparing the content-based scores for different movie ratings, we find large variability exists in the types of content that receive different MPAA ratings, and good correlation between the content-based scores assigned by Kids-in-Mind and Screen It! Introduction Concern about the content of movies dates back to the beginnings of the film industry and continues into the current time. However, limited research quantifies the correlations between movie content, ratings, and economics or addresses the issue of ratings "creep. For example, we coded "violence" as "V," "action violence" as "aV," "strong violence" as "sV," and "sexual violence" as "zV. Main Outcome Measures Description of movie ratings, correlation of content with rating, and statistical results. We found significantly higher rated content in movies as a function of time, suggesting that the MPAA applied less stringency in its age-based ratings over time for the period of We then added to the database the three Kids-in-Mind content-based scores for: This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. The MPAA provides no specific criteria for its assignments of ratings or rating reasons; instead, it apparently leaves their assignment entirely to the judgment of its independent board of raters who view the films. Our search of the literature did not reveal any academic studies that correlated all movie ratings with content or any recent studies that correlated ratings with film gross sales or budgets. While the rating reasons may not provide information about all of the types of content that parents might observe in films, they do provide information about some of the content and specifically about the content that the raters considered the most significant with respect to assigning the overall rating. Finally, we obtained information on gross revenues and movie budgets from the IMDbPro. The MPAA rating reasons correlate with higher scores assigned to content-based ratings, and the number of reasons indicated increases with the age-based rating category. Age-based ratings alone do not provide good information about the depiction of violence, sex, profanity, and other content, and the criteria for rating movies became less stringent over the last decade. The MPAA provides voluntary age-based ratings and nonstandardized, descriptive rating reasons intended to inform consumers about the reason s a film received its age-based rating. We also identified the animated films by searching their descriptions for indications of animation. The classifications include both the type of content as a capital letter and any modifying adjective for that content as a lowercase letter. We performed statistical analyses to correlate the content-based scores with the overall rating and rating reasons assigned by the MPAA; to test the hypothesis that age-based ratings became less stringent over time; to explore correlations between film content, ratings, and available economic information; to compare the amount of violence in animated and non-animated G-rated films; and to characterize the available information about the depiction of substances in films. This study contributes quantitative information about these relationships and hypotheses. Conclusions Parents and physicians should be aware that movies with the same rating can differ significantly in the amount and types of potentially objectionable content. Reviews of the literature suggest inconsistent findings in individual studies related to whether media ratings significantly affect consumer interest, with a meta-analysis suggesting a potential age-related effect. Abstract Context Children's exposure to violence, sexual themes, profanity, and the depiction of substances in movies remains a source of parental and public health concern.

Violence and sex in tv and movies

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